Osteoporosis in Women...
Osteoporosis a progressive bone disease that is characterized by a decrease in bone mass and density which can lead to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis, the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone microarchitecture deteriorates, and the amount and variety of proteins in bone are altered.
Osteoporosis is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a bone mineral density of 2.5 standard deviation or more below the mean peak bone mass (average of young, healthy adults) as measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry.
Physical therapists can teach patients how to reduce the risks of osteoporosis fractures with safe weight bearing exercises such as walking, Pilates, lifestyle changes, balance training and fall prevention.